The most common cause of darker pigments in the gums is genetics. Excess melanin can build up in the gums, making them look brown or black instead of pink. The extra pigment does not indicate any disease or dysfunction.Patients seek treatment because of an aesthetic preference for pink gums that showcase their teeth better. Other causes for dark gums include smoking, side effects from certain medications and the possible effect of amalgam fillings on the gum.
Gum depigmentation is a procedure used in cosmetic dentistry to remove black spots or patches on the gums caused by excessive melanin. The normal color of the gum tissue (gingiva) is pink, but excess deposits of melanin (melanin gingival hyperpigmentation) can create what seem to be black spots or patches on the gums, creating an aesthetic or cosmetic problem. Discolouration may also be caused by long-term use of certain medications.
A clinical assessment is carried out to customize the treatment to the patient's needs, and the procedure itself can involve laser ablation techniques. Hellenic Dental Clinic offers Gum Disease Treatment
including Laser Gum Bleaching.
What are the advantages?
Can remove or reduce the appearance of dark blotches and create pleasant-looking pink gums.
Restores confidence and makes them less self-conscious about their smile.